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Lyme and Tick-

Borne Disease Info

· The Beginning

· Rashes

· Early Detection 

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· Symptoms

· Additional Symptoms

· Co-infections

· Late stage Infection

· Antibiotics

· Treatment

· Herxheimer Reaction

· Mechanism of Action

· Survival Tactics

· The Bad News 

· Conclusion

· Good News

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· Alternative Treatments

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Lyme tests are not accurate-2005 John Hopkins study


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Michele Moynihan's Presentation "Lyme Disease: Be Lyme Wise* is a Great Educational Presentation for School Children 



on Tick-Borne Diseases plus


and The Third Great Plague



Autism and Lyme Disease


LYME & Pregnancy by John Drulle, MD



Alzheimer's and Lyme Disease

ALS and Lyme




Worm Parasites, FILARIASIS Nematodes in ticks?

Nematode Spirochete Farmers

Nematode-Bacteria- Symbiosis

10 Questions For Scientists


Heart Disease & Lyme Disease & Lyme Carditis






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* The Herxheimer Reaction *


The Herxheimer Reaction, nicknamed "herx", otherwise referred to as Jarisch-Herxheimer is a phenomenon originally observed in the treatment of Syphilis, but later found in other illness. It is described as a temporary increase of symptoms when drugs antibiotics are administered. What is known or speculated about Lyme disease Herxheimers are based heavily on the reactions seen in syphilis. This is due to the fact both diseases are caused by a bacteria known as a spirochete.  However the Herxheimer Reactions in Lyme disease are not identical to those seen in syphilis, especially in terms of timing, frequency and duration.

In Lyme disease it is thought that the cause of Herxheimers are the result of endotoxin release, that is toxins within the spirochete that are released as the Bb are killed or broken down. This may be a result of the toxins itself or the body's immune response to such.

Try looking up the following:
Mangin M, Observations of Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction in Sarcoidosis Patients. JOIMR 2004;2(1):1

Meislin Harvey W, Bremer Jr. Joseph C. Jarisch-herxheimer reaction case report. J Amer Coll Emer Phys. 1976 Oct;5(10):779-781.

Maloy AL, Black RD, Segurola Jr. RJ. Lyme Disease Complicated by the Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction. 1998 May-June;16(3):437-438.

Teklu B, Habte-Michael A, Warrell DA, et al. Meptazinol Dimishes the Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction of Relapsing Fevers. Lancet. 1983 Apr 16;321(8329):835-839.

Schofield TPC, Oxon BA, Talbot JM, et al. Leucopenia and Fever in the "Jarisch-Herxheimer" Reaction of Louse-Borne Relapsing Fever. 1968 Jan 13;291:58-62.

Quismorio Jr. FP, Rea T, Chandor S, et al. Lucio's phenomenon: An immune complex deposition syndrome in lepromatous leprosy. Clin Immun Immunopath. 1978 Feb;9(2):184-193.

Claman HN, Karr M, Kohler MF, et al.. Systemic (allergic?) vasculitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1974 Jul;54(1):54-64

Jarisch-Herxheimer Reaction. Road Back Foundation 2007. www.roadback.org/index.cfm/fuseaction/education.display/display_id/91.html


As mentioned, the general description is a temporary increase in symptoms, but also included is the development of new ones. More specifically the most common events include: increased joint or muscle pain, headaches, chills, fever (usually low grade), drop in blood pressure, hives and rash. A multitude of other symptoms have been described.

Timing, Frequency, and Duration:

This is individualistic and Herxheimer Reactions can occur within days to weeks after the onset of antibiotic therapy. In some patients they occur only once or twice (if at all) and with others continue throughout the course of treatment, usually lessening in severity. They can occur and are more often described in cycles (example: every 4 weeks) and have been reported to last from days to weeks.

It can be very beneficial to document or keep a chart of these exacerbations. Some physicians use this as a guideline for treatment. Further it may help differentiate Herxheimers from the normal symptoms or progression of Lyme disease.


Herxheimer Reactions can be very difficult on patients and affect compliance with therapy so supportive measures should be sought or utilized to lessen discomfort if needed. The use of aspirin, NSAIDs (non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs), pain medication, muscle relaxers, hot baths or others remedies can be appropriate. Of note, some have found Benedryl helpful even in the absence of rash or hives.

The good news:

The good news is that the Herxheimer is thought to indicate that the antibiotics are indeed working.  In the cyclic nature of recovery it is seen that following each worsening there may be more improvement. However the lack of Herxheimer Reaction is not cause to be anxious if symptoms are improving.

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Info originally from: http://www.angelfire.com/biz/romarkaraoke/Herx.html


Lyme WebRing Here.
The Empire State Lyme Disease Association, Inc. is a nonprofit charitable organization incorporated in NYS and dedicated to education, prevention,  awareness and patient support for tick-borne illnesses including Lyme disease.  Our goal is education about prevention of tick bites and the importance of early diagnosis of the diseases transmitted by ticks.  We offer patient support and work for awareness of the need for health care for victims of both early and later diagnosed tick-borne diseases.Information on this site is offered to help further awareness of Lyme and associated diseases.  We hope that the information will help you to become more familiar with the subject of tick borne illnesses, but the information on this web site should not be used as a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The information on this web site does not represent endorsement or an official position of Empire State Lyme Disease Association, Inc. or any of its directors, officers, advisors or members. Please consult a physician for all medical advice, including advice on testing, treatment and care of a patient who has or may have Lyme or any associated tick borne diseases Back to Top